Branches of Chemistry: Introduction

What are the branches of chemistry (chemical sciences)?

Explore these seven broad and prominent branches of chemistry with explanation and examples.

Analytical Chemistry

Analytical chemistry is the branch of chemistry, where gaining, handling, and communicating data about the composition and structure of matter. In further extension, to determine what is this material and how much is in quantities exist and purity of material.

Analytical chemists
Analytical chemists

 Analytical chemistry is a challenging and most popular branch of chemistry and It has significant importance in all aspects of science. Analytical chemists work in all types of chemistry filed as well all types of industries with , instrumentation, computers, and statistics to solve problems. analytical chemistry is the easiest branch of chemistry.


Biological  chemistry contains three areas Bioinorganic chemistry,   Bionorganic chemistry and Biochemistry accordingly.

Biological  chemistry
Biological  chemistry

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering is a branch of chemistry. it is a big branch where lab developed processes translate to actual industrial/ commercial scale for synthesis of chemicals. Chemical Engineers work for industrial process improvements and good production.

Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering

Inorganic Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry studies organometallic compounds, metalloid and  carbon -noncarbon bonded compounds properties and behavior in all aspects.

While organic chemistry is defined as the study of carbon-containing compounds, inorganic chemistry is the study of the remaining (i.e., not carbon-containing) subset of compounds. Organometallic compounds usually contain a metal or metalloid bonded directly to carbon.

inorganic Chemistry
inorganic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry is the main branch of chemistry where study of atoms containing  structure, properties, and reactions of substrates will happen.

Previously few limited compounds were there for study produced by living organisms (natural products), but now organic chemistry has been synthesized with new drugs, organic materials, polymers like substances (e.g., plastics).

organic chemistry
organic chemistry

In organic chemistry new molecules and compounds can be synthesized, organic chemists work on synthesizing new molecules and developing efficient methods than existing one. organic chemistry is toughest branch of chemistry.

Physical Chemistry

Physical Chemistry is an important branch of chemistry to  study how matter acts on an atomic and molecular level and how chemical reactions happen when they are kept for it. 

Physical chemistry researchers mainly work on molecular and atomic physical properties to reveal it. Mainly they descove chemical properties and predict some theories. They predominantly use mathematics computation and physics for interpretation and data analysis.

Physical chemistry
Physical chemistry

Physical chemistry is a good area for chemists who have a strong curiosity about how things work at the atomic level and enjoy working with lab instrumentation and machines

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